УДК 71.3-053.5 DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.081.019.201504.023
Problems of pedagogical methods of creating a situation of success in the educational environment of the primary school pupils
Skvortsova Marina Alekseyevna
International Transition to federal state educational standards of new generation involves the creation of a dynamic educational environment of the institution, which in turn become part of the regional educational space. In connection with this state in the Russian Federation Law “On Education”, the Doctrine of Education in the Russian Federation as one of the priorities of its tasks determines the creation of a learning environment that is conducive to the development of creative individuality of each child. This article is devoted to the theoretical and methodological foundations of creating a situation of success in the educational environment of primary school students. The article reveals the relevance and necessity of this concept for present-day secondary school teaching. In the article the author considers such psychological and pedagogical concepts as “educational environment”, “success” and “success environment”, as well as the subject of education – a primary school student. This article summarizes aspects of simulation of an educational environment, conditions for effective application of a situation of success and participation in the process of a teacher, whose aim is to improve the learning process by adjustment to individual characteristics of students. The article also presents the main types of success and describes the main characteristics, more specifically, “success-acknowledgement” and “success-overcoming”. The article presents the opinion of many authors regarding current topics in philosophical, social and pedagogical aspects. In the work take into account the views of the following teachers and philosophers who considered the topics of the current article: Descartes, M. Heidegger, G. Allport, P. Ricoeur, K. G. Jung, V. S. Stepin, G. V. Hegel, A. Maslow, K. Rogers, A. Bandura, B. F. Skinner, D. Roden, K. Levin, F. Hoppe, D. McClelland, H. Heckhausen, R. Sternberg, T. O. Gordeeva, A. L. Zhuravlev, Y. M. Zabrodin, V. V. Novikov, V. V. Kornilov, V. G. Bulygin, M. Melia.
Keywords: situation of success; pedagogical conditions; success; creating a situation of success; educational environment of a primary school student; primary school student
For citation: Skvortsova M. A. Problems of pedagogical methods of creating a situation of success in the educational environment of the primary school pupils. Integratsiya obrazovaniya = Integration of Education. 2015, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 23–27. DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.081.019.201504.023