Study of academic structure of training bachelor degree programme in “Pedagogical education”
Sarantsev Gennadiy Ivanovich
Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education in “Pedagogical education” imposes strict requirements on the preparation of bachelor degree students. Analysis of these requirements leads to the conclusion that they, on the one hand, call for a obvious fundamentalisation in bachelor training, and on the other, that it has practical orientation. Implementation of these requirements involves a shift of emphasis in the training of graduates of higher school in “Pedagogical education” in the direction of encouraging their scientific activities, developing culture of system analysis, learning to adapt to various changes, to predict development of a situation, to apply modern technologies and even to elaborate them. However, the educational community is concerned with the issues of practical background of graduates in “Pedagogical education” and offers a number of measures for improvement. Earlier studies affect either the aspect of fundamental nature of professional education or the aspect of practical orientation. The authors of these studies offer ways to improve the aspects considered. This mismatch between the need for fundamental nature of professional education and practical orientation at the same time persists in the standard of higher education bachelor degree in “Pedagogical Education”. The article proposes harmonisation of components of the preparation as the way to deal with this problem. The research carried out by authors shows that modern methodological thinking can be the way to the harmonisation. Competence components of methodological thinking apply to both fundamentalisation of teacher training and its practical orientation. In the current study thinking process is considered not only as reflection, but also construction of the models representing the images of yet unspecified objects and phenomena of reality. Authors understand the concept of methodological thinking as the thinking determined by specificity of methodological science and activity adequate to it. Its attributes: methodological interpretation of knowledge from other scientific areas, objects and their properties; consideration of objects, their properties and relations in a system; integrated approach to use of dialectics and system analysis; tendency to development of special (objective) thinking; concretisation of the broad terms provisions to the level of guidelines. Modern methodological thinking is implemented in a number of core competencies recognising the activity and its results. Competence is an element of higher level analysis of education; knowledge, skills and practices arrange its lower level, they relate to a greater extent with the results of operations. Implementation of the activity concept of competence can assist in the task of combining of fundamentalisation and practical orientati on in “Pedagogical education”.
Keywords: higher education; bachelor; fundamentalisation of higher education; practical orientation of bachelor; teacher training; harmonization of fundamentalisation; practical orientation; methodological thinking competence
For citation: Sarantsev G. I. Study of academic structure of training bachelor degree programme in “Pedagogical education”. Integratsiya obrazovaniya = Integration of Education. 2015, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 16–22. DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.081.019.201504.016