УДК 159.922/.923                                                

DOI: 10.15507/Inted.079.019.201502.117


Maralov Vladimir Georgievich
(professor, Chair of psychology and pedagogics, Cherepovets State University (5, Lunacharsky Pr., Cherepovets, Russia), Dr. Sci. (Psychology), This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)


The paper deals with analysis of personality’s forms of self-development: self-assertion, self-improvement, selfactualisation and self-realisation in the context of addressing psychological support of a person. These forms of self-development differ from each other as to the needs, goals, motives and strategies for implementation. The author discusses the controversial question of self-realization role in the structure of self-development. He concludes that self-realisation is both an independent process, and the form of self-development. The result of self-development in all its forms is personal growth. Its specifics and qualitative singularity will be determined by the choice of particular strategies of self-assertion, self-improvement and self-actualisation. The paper also explores the peculiarities of the dialectical relationship between forms of self-development. They are characterised by the fact that each of the selfdevelopment forms has a specific function, and at the same time contributes to the realisation of functions inherent in other forms thereby causing cohesion and self-orientation of the whole process. In terms of time primary thing is self-affirmation, in which “mature” other forms of self-development. Self-affirmation is the leading form until adolescence. Starting from adolescence, under favorable conditions, the self-improvement begins to dominate. Development of an adult person is largely characterised by that of self-actualisation and self-realisation. A practical psychologist can clearly identify the strategic guidelines in the course of psychological support of self-development.Prior to adolescence, it will be assistance in the self-affirmation of the individual, particularly in the choice of self-affirmation strategies, create conditions for overcoming the dominant strategy or self-suppression strategy. In adolescence and high school age the focus is shifted to self-improvement support, to assist in the appropriate strategies selection: the acquisition, redemption, conversion and limitations. At the same time goals of positive affirmation continue to be addressed, and preconditions for self-actualisation and realisation of personal potential in life continue to be created.

Keywords: self-development; dialectical relationship of self-development forms; self-assertion; self-improvement; self-actualisation; self-realisation; psychological support for self-development.


For citation: Maralov V. G. Dialekticheskaja vzaimosvjaz’ form samorazvitija v kontekste reshenija problem psihologicheskogo soprovozhdenija lichnosti [Dialectical relationship between forms of self-development in the context of problems pertaining to a person’s psychological support]. Integracija obrazovanija = Integration of Education. 2015, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 117-125. DOI: 10.15507/Inted.079.019.201502.117


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