The Processes of Bureaucratization and Debureaucratization of Teachers’ Work and Their Influence on the Quality of Teachers’ Professional Activity: Sociological Project Results
Sergey V. Polutin
Yulia V. Manannikova
Introduction. The article for the first time structures the types of additional responsibilities of teachers, not underpinned by local regulations. The proposals for debureaucratization of the educational process in secondary schools are generalized. The aim of the study is to reveal the impact of bureaucratic burden on the social feeling of teachers of general secondary education facilities, the quality of their professional activities and to develop proposals for debureaucratization of teachers’ work.
Materials and Methods. A survey of managers and teachers of educational institutions covered more than 3,000 respondents. As additional sources for the interpretation of the data, we used the methods of group interviews (two focus groups conducted among rural teachers), as well as a secondary analysis of data from the international study of the educational environment and working conditions of secondary school teachers (TALIS), conducted in 48 countries, including Russia.
Results. The study broadened the idea of the impact of bureaucratization of the education system on the quality of professional activity and the social well-being of teachers. Intensification of bureaucratization of teacher work is attributed, on the one hand, to the extensive growth of additional types of work, and on the other, to the low legal awareness of teachers of educational institutions. Working with reporting documentation takes up to 90 % of the working time free from paid teaching ho urs, which practically does not leave time for the implementation of part of the pedagogical load associated with methodological, organizational and consulting activities. The study identifies activities that, according to respondents, contribute to the debureaucratization of teachers’ work.
Discussion and Conclusion. The article is of interest to teachers and heads of educational organizations, regional educational authorities, and scientists, researching i nto educational problems.
Keywords: monitoring the education system, bureaucratization, debureaucratization, teachers’ professional load, quality of education, teachers’ professional status
Funding: The research was carried out as part of the project of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research “Social Portrait of Rural Teachers: Problems, Conflicts, and Professional Deadlocks” (No. 18-011-00786 A).
For citation: Polutin S.V., Manannikova Yu.V. The Processes of Bureaucratization and Debureaucratization of Teachers̕ Work and Their Influence on the Quality of Teachers̕ Professional Activity: Sociological Project Results. Integratsiya obrazovaniya = Integration of Education. 2020; 24(1):75-97. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/1991-9468.098.024.202001.075-097
Contribution of the authors:
Sergey V. Polutin – scientific management; research concept; analysis of the results of a group interview; critical analysis and revision of the text.
Yulia V. Manannikova – collecting and analyzing data from the results of quantitative research; literature review; graphical presentation of research; writing the draft; development of practical recommendations.
All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Submitted 27.11.2019; revised 24.12.2019; published online 31.03.2020.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.