INSTRUMENTS OF SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDED BY LEADING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONS
Irina E. Ilina
Elena N. Zharova
Introduction: one of the key aspects of the knowledge economy development is the growing significance of the results of research and development. The education and basic research play a key role in this process. Funding for education and fundamental science is carried out mainly at the expense of the state resources, including a system of foundations for scientific, engineering and innovation activities in Russia. The purpose of this article is to present recommendations for improving the tools of domestic foundations in funding fundamental research and development, including education and training. The propositions are made with a comparative analysis of the domestic and foreign science foun dations’ activities.
Materials and Methods: the authors used analysis, comparison, induction, deduction, graphical analysis, generalisation and other scientific methods during the study.
Results: the lack of comparability between domestic and foreign scientific funds in the volume of funding allocated for basic research and development is revealed. This situation affects the scientific research. The foreign foundations have a wide range of instruments to support research projects at all stages of the life cycle of grants for education and training prior to release of an innovative product to market (the use of “innovation elevator” system). The Russian national scientific foundations have no such possibilities. The authors guess that the Russian organisations ignore some of the instruments for supporting research and development. Use of these tools could enhance the effectiveness of research projects. According to the study of domestic and foreign experience in supporting research and development, the authors proposed a matrix composed of instruments for support in the fields of basic scientific researches and education with such phases of the project life cycle as “research” and “development”.
Discussion and Conclusions: the foreign science foundations use a broader spectrum of the tools to support research and development than the domestic organisations. The authors pinpoint a number of functional instruments to support research and development and advice to Russian science-supporting institutions to use the modern tools in the activities for enhancing the ef fectiveness of researches.
Keywords: scientific foundation; innovation; scientific activity; research and development; scientific design; financing; grant; support tools
For citation: Ilina I.E., Zharova E.N. Instruments of support for research and development funded by leading domestic and international science foundations. Integratsiya obrazovaniya = Integration of Education. 2017; 2(21):164-183. DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.087.021.201702.164-183
Contribution of the authors: Irina E. Ilina – scientific management; developed the theoretical framework; critical analysis of materials; formulated conclusions. Elena N. Zharova – search for analytical materials in Russian and international sources; writing of the draft; analysis and preparation of the initial ideas.
All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.