DIDACTIC ENGINEERING: DESIGNING NEW GENERATION LEARNING SYSTEMS
Nail K. Nuriyev
Svetlana D. Starygina
Endzhe A. Gibadullina
Introduction: the article deals with the organisation of training activities in the man-made environment. Didactic engineering is seen as a methodology within which problems of didactics are solved with application of pedagogical, psychological, engineering methods. It is obvious that in order to implement the training of future engineers in a competence-based format (according to educational standard) a new type of teaching system is needed, with new capacities (properties). These systems should set each student towards the development of professionally significant (key) abilities, taking into account his/her psychological characteristics; ensure training on the verge of permissible difficulties (developing training), and thereby achieve rapid development of key skills, through his/her zone of “immediate development”; to diagnose the quality of possession of a competence in the academic sense. For the objectivity and reliability of assessment of the level and depth of learned knowledge it is necessary to generate this evaluation in a metric format. As a result, we created a didactic system, which combines all the listed properties and the properties of classical systems. This allowed us to construct a new generation of didactic systems.
Materials and Methods: the research is based on a systematic analysis of the activity of an engineer; on models of “zones of immediate development” by L. S. Vygotsky; on “developmental education” by L. N. Zankova; on the use of pedagogical and psychological patterns as well as taxonomic methods, didactic engineering, theory of probability and mathematical statistics.
Results: constructed is a model for training engineers in the metric format of competence, which envisages a rapid development of students project and constructive abilit ies based on their knowledge learned.
Discussion and Conclusions: the parameters defining the probability of engineer’s success have been described; the taxonomic scale for assessing the quality of ownership competence have been constructed, the model system of education in a metric format of competency have been developed; methodology for assessing the complexity of tests and courses have been offered; library shell, which is a tool for the formation of a training course for preparation of students in the metric format developed competency have been constructed. The system is implemented and can be accessed in the Internet (www .myknitu.ru).
Keywords: didactic engineering; training of an engineer; completeness of knowledge; knowledge integrity; competence; reliability of learning
Acknowledgments: This work was supported by RFBR grant (project number 15-07-057 61).
For citation: Nuriyev NK, Starygina SD, Gibadullina EA. Didactic engineering: designing new generat ion learning systems. Integratsiya obrazovaniya = Integration of Education. 2016; 3(20):393-406. DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.084.020.201603.393-406
Contributions of the authors:
Nail K. Nuriyev developed a functional model of an engineer, criteria of efficiency, metric scale competence of mastering quality the competence, model of the new g eneration of didactic system.
Svetlana D. Starygina developed technology training in the metric format competency and diagnostic techniques; software support for the preparation and diagnostics.
Endzhe A. Gibadullina participated in the discussion of presented materials and made the layout and the formatting of the article.
All authors read and approved the final manuscript.