ASSESSING SELF-STUDY WORK’S SIGNIFICANT SKILLS FOR SUCCESSFUL LEARNING IN THE HIGHER SCHOOL
Galina V. Milovanova
Irina V. Kharitonova
Svetlana N. Fomina
Alexandra F. Dayker
Introduction: the problem of organizing students’ independent work/self-study is not new, but the changes in the higher school for the last two decades show that the experience accumulated in the traditional educational model can be applied only when it is processed in the present-day conditions. The article analyses the innovative component of the educational process in terms of a significant increase in the volume of compulsory independent work in the university. Particular attention is paid to determining the levels of the formation of skills for independent work in terms of students’ readiness for its implementa¬tion. The aim of the research is to identify the most significant skills of independent work for successful study at the university.
Materials and Methods: the research is based on general scholarly methods: analysis, comparison, generalisation. A questionnaire survey was carried out and a correlation analysis of the results was presented. The mathematical statistics methods in Excel application were u sed for processing the survey data.
Results: the article focused on the relevance of formation the students’ ability to work independently in the learning process. Requirements for professionals recognize the need for knowledge and skills, but more importantly, the ability and readiness to complete this knowledge and be in a state of continuous education and self-education. In turn, readiness to self-education cannot exist without independent work. The ratio of students to work independently and their skills’ levels in this area of the gnostic, design, structural, organisational and communicative blocks were identified because o f the research.
Discussion and Conclusions: the levels of the formation of the skills for independent work influence on the success of the learning. There is a correlation between indicators of achievement and the ability to work independently. Organisation and communication skills have significant effect on the first-year student. The results of education is closely linked to the skills for independent work. The results of the research presented in the article can be used by teachers in the preparation of educational and methodical complexes in the development of materials for the organisation of students’ independent work. Improving the academic performance of the students needs to shift the focus of the educational process in the direction of independence. It is necessary to develop the effective teaching methods of rational self-employment and the need for purposeful formation of the ability to work in dependently.
Keywords: learning; independent work; self-education; independence; self-study skills; readiness; successful learning
For citation: Milovanova G.V., Kharitonova I.V., Fomina S.N., Dayker A.F. Assessing self-study work’s significant skills for successful learning in the higher school. Integratsiya obrazovaniya = Integration of Education. 2017; 2(21):218-229. DOI: 10.15507/1991-9468.087.021.201702.218-229
Contribution of the authors: Galina V. Milovanova – concept and research initiative; writing the draft; collecting and processing the data. Irina V. Kharitonova – collecting and processing the data; writing the final text. Svetlana N. Fomina – participation in the discussion on topic of the article; development of self-concept of work. Alexandra F. Dayker – participation in the discussion on topic of the article; analysing and supplementing the text.
All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.